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Clin Endocrinol (Oxf). 2016 Sep;85(3):459-65. doi: 10.1111/cen.13029. Epub 2016 Feb 23.

Recombinant human thyrotropin-stimulated thyroglobulin level at the time of radioactive iodine ablation is an independent prognostic marker of differentiated thyroid carcinoma in the setting of prophylactic central neck dissection.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital and Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam-si, Korea.
2
Department of Surgery, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital and Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea.
3
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital and Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea.
4
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital and Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea.
5
Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital and Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
6
Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center and Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We investigated the value of the stimulated thyroglobulin (Tg) level at the time of recombinant human thyrotropin (rhTSH)-aided remnant ablation for predicting disease status 1 year later in patients with DTC who underwent total thyroidectomy with central neck dissection (CND).

DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANT:

This was a prospective observational study of 253 consecutive patients with DTC who underwent rhTSH-aided RAI ablation after total thyroidectomy and prophylactic CND. Patients with evidence of initial distant metastasis or positive Tg antibodies were excluded.

MAJOR OUTCOME MEASURE:

We compared rhTSH-stimulated Tg level at RAI ablation according to the disease status at 1 year and evaluated optimal cut-off value of rhTSH-stimulated Tg. Binary logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate the independent predictive factors for disease status 1 year after ablation.

RESULTS:

Among study participants, 228 (90·1%) were considered disease free at 1 year after remnant ablation. Patients with persistent or recurrent disease were more likely to be aged ≥45 years, and to have N1b stage, TNM stage III or IV, and higher rhTSH-stimulated Tg level at RAI ablation. The optimal cut-off of rhTSH-stimulated Tg for predicting persistent or recurrent disease was 1·79 ng/ml, with a negative predictive value of 99·5%. A serum rhTSH-stimulated Tg level ≥1·79 at the time of ablation was independently associated with persistent or recurrent disease 1 year later. N1b stage tended to be associated with persistent or recurrent disease.

CONCLUSION:

A low stimulated serum Tg level at rhTSH-aided RAI ablation may be a favourable prognostic marker in the setting of prophylactic CND.

PMID:
26833982
DOI:
10.1111/cen.13029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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