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Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2016 Mar 25;60(4):2292-301. doi: 10.1128/AAC.02588-15. Print 2016 Apr.

A High-Affinity Native Human Antibody Disrupts Biofilm from Staphylococcus aureus Bacteria and Potentiates Antibiotic Efficacy in a Mouse Implant Infection Model.

Author information

1
Trellis Bioscience, LLC, Menlo Park, California, USA.
2
Infection Biology Laboratory, Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
3
Infection Biology Laboratory, Department of Biomedicine, University Hospital of Basel, Basel, Switzerland Division of Infectious Diseases and Hospital Epidemiology, University Hospital of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
4
Trellis Bioscience, LLC, Menlo Park, California, USA lkauvar@trellisbio.com.

Abstract

Many serious bacterial infections are difficult to treat due to biofilm formation, which provides physical protection and induces a sessile phenotype refractory to antibiotic treatment compared to the planktonic state. A key structural component of biofilm is extracellular DNA, which is held in place by secreted bacterial proteins from the DNABII family: integration host factor (IHF) and histone-like (HU) proteins. A native human monoclonal antibody, TRL1068, has been discovered using single B-lymphocyte screening technology. It has low-picomolar affinity against DNABII homologs from important Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial pathogens. The disruption of established biofilm was observedin vitroat an antibody concentration of 1.2 μg/ml over 12 h. The effect of TRL1068in vivowas evaluated in a murine tissue cage infection model in which a biofilm is formed by infection with methicillin-resistantStaphylococcus aureus(MRSA; ATCC 43300). Treatment of the established biofilm by combination therapy of TRL1068 (15 mg/kg of body weight, intraperitoneal [i.p.] administration) with daptomycin (50 mg/kg, i.p.) significantly reduced adherent bacterial count compared to that after daptomycin treatment alone, accompanied by significant reduction in planktonic bacterial numbers. The quantification of TRL1068 in sample matrices showed substantial penetration of TRL1068 from serum into the cage interior. TRL1068 is a clinical candidate for combination treatment with standard-of-care antibiotics to overcome the drug-refractory state associated with biofilm formation, with potential utility for a broad spectrum of difficult-to-treat bacterial infections.

PMID:
26833157
PMCID:
PMC4808150
DOI:
10.1128/AAC.02588-15
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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