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Cell Stem Cell. 2016 Feb 4;18(2):203-13. doi: 10.1016/j.stem.2016.01.001. Epub 2016 Jan 28.

Replacement of Lost Lgr5-Positive Stem Cells through Plasticity of Their Enterocyte-Lineage Daughters.

Author information

1
Hubrecht Institute, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences and University Medical Center, Utrecht, Uppsalalaan 8, 3584 CT Utrecht, the Netherlands.
2
Molecular Oncology Department, Genentech, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA.
3
Hubrecht Institute, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences and University Medical Center, Utrecht, Uppsalalaan 8, 3584 CT Utrecht, the Netherlands. Electronic address: h.clevers@hubrecht.eu.

Abstract

Intestinal crypts display robust regeneration upon injury. The relatively rare secretory precursors can replace lost stem cells, but it is unknown if the abundant enterocyte progenitors that express the Alkaline phosphate intestinal (Alpi) gene also have this capacity. We created an Alpi-IRES-CreERT2 (Alpi(CreER)) knockin allele for lineage tracing. Marked clones consist entirely of enterocytes and are all lost from villus tips within days. Genetic fate-mapping of Alpi(+) cells before or during targeted ablation of Lgr5-expressing stem cells generated numerous long-lived crypt-villus "ribbons," indicative of dedifferentiation of enterocyte precursors into Lgr5(+) stems. By single-cell analysis of dedifferentiating enterocytes, we observed the generation of Paneth-like cells and proliferative stem cells. We conclude that the highly proliferative, short-lived enterocyte precursors serve as a large reservoir of potential stem cells during crypt regeneration.

PMID:
26831517
DOI:
10.1016/j.stem.2016.01.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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