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Langmuir. 2016 Feb 23;32(7):1732-41. doi: 10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b02814. Epub 2016 Feb 12.

Interactions and Translational Dynamics of Phosphatidylinositol Bisphosphate (PIP2) Lipids in Asymmetric Lipid Bilayers.

Author information

1
Institute of Advanced Organic Materials, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University , 315 Jiangong Building, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240, China.

Abstract

Phosphatidylinositol phosphate (PIP) lipids are critical to many cell signaling pathways, in part by acting as molecular beacons that recruit peripheral membrane proteins to specific locations within the plasma membrane. Understanding the biophysics of PIP-protein interactions is critical to developing a chemically detailed model of cell communication. Resolving such interactions is challenging, even in model membrane systems, because of the difficulty in preparing PIP-containing membranes with high fluidity and integrity. Here we report on a simple, vesicle-based protocol for preparing asymmetric supported lipid bilayers in which fluorescent PIP lipid analogues are found only on the top leaflet of the supported membrane facing the bulk solution. With this asymmetric distribution of lipids between the leaflets, the fluorescent signal from the PIP lipid analogue reports directly on interactions between the peripheral molecules and the top leaflet of the membrane. Asymmetric PIP-containing bilayers are an ideal platform to investigate the interaction of PIP with peripheral membrane proteins using fluorescence-based imaging approaches. We demonstrate their usefulness here with a combined fluorescence correlation spectroscopy and single particle tracking study of the interaction between PIP2 lipids and a polycationic polymer, quaternized polyvinylpyridine (QPVP). With this approach we are able to quantify the microscopic features of the mobility coupling between PIP2 lipids and polybasic QPVP. With single particle tracking we observe individual PIP2 lipids switch from Brownian to intermittent motion as they become transiently trapped by QPVP.

PMID:
26829708
DOI:
10.1021/acs.langmuir.5b02814
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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