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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1989 Nov;86(22):8732-6.

Cloning and nucleotide sequence of the gene for protein X from Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Clayton Foundation Biochemical Institute, University of Texas, Austin 78712.


The gene encoding the protein X component of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex from Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been cloned and sequenced. A 487-base fragment of yeast genomic DNA encoding the amino-terminal region of protein X was amplified by the polymerase chain reaction using synthetic oligonucleotide primers based on amino-terminal and internal amino acid sequences. This DNA fragment was used as a probe to select two genomic DNA restriction fragments, which were cloned and sequenced. A 2.1-kilobase insert contains the complete sequence of the protein X gene. This insert has an open reading frame of 1230 nucleotides encoding a presequence of 30 amino acid residues and a mature protein of 380 amino acid residues (Mr, 42,052). Hybridization analysis showed that there is a single copy of the protein X gene and that the size of the mRNA is approximately 1.5 kilobases. Comparison of the deduced amino acid sequences of yeast protein X and dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase indicates that the two proteins evolved from a common ancestor. The amino-terminal part of protein X (residues 1-195) resembles the acetyltransferase, but the remainder is quite different. There is strong homology between protein X and the acetyltransferase in the amino-terminal region (residues 1-84) that corresponds to the putative lipoyl domain. Protein X lacks the highly conserved sequence His-Xaa-Xaa-Xaa-Asp-Gly near the carboxyl terminus, which is thought to be part of the active site of all dihydrolipoamide acyltransferases.

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