Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Hum Pathol. 2016 Mar;49:124-34. doi: 10.1016/j.humpath.2015.11.004. Epub 2015 Nov 17.

Colorectal poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas frequently exhibit BRAF mutations and are associated with poor overall survival.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213.
2
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Medical Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213.
3
Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213. Electronic address: pair@upmc.edu.

Abstract

The molecular alterations in colorectal poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma remain incompletely characterized, particularly with respect to mutations in BRAF and KRAS. We analyzed 32 colorectal poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas and 40 colorectal poorly differentiated conventional adenocarcinomas for mutations in KRAS and BRAF and for DNA mismatch repair protein abnormalities to correlate histopathology with molecular alterations and survival. Compared with poorly differentiated conventional adenocarcinoma, poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma frequently harbored BRAF mutations (59% versus 5%; P < .001) and less frequently demonstrated KRAS codon 12 or 13 mutations (17% versus 43%; P = .03). BRAF mutations were identified in both pure poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (60%) and poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma associated with a signet ring cell adenocarcinoma component (82%). Most (93%) poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas demonstrated proficient DNA mismatch repair by either microsatellite instability polymerase chain reaction or DNA mismatch repair immunohistochemistry. Patients with poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma had a significantly worse overall survival compared with patients with poorly differentiated conventional adenocarcinoma (P < .001). There was no significant difference in overall survival between patients with pure poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma and patients with both poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma and adenocarcinoma components (P = .5). In conclusion, colorectal poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas frequently harbor BRAF mutations and are associated with poor overall survival.

KEYWORDS:

BRAF; Colorectal; KRAS; MSI; Mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma; Neuroendocrine carcinoma; Overall survival

PMID:
26826419
DOI:
10.1016/j.humpath.2015.11.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center