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Acta Otolaryngol. 2016;136(4):344-50. doi: 10.3109/00016489.2015.1113558. Epub 2016 Jan 29.

Postural responses applied in a control model in cochlear implant users with pre-lingual hearing loss.

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a Laboratory of Otoneurology , British Hospital , Montevideo , Uruguay ;
b Department of Electrical Engineering , Universidad Catolica Del Uruguay , Montevideo , Uruguay ;
c Department of Quantitative Methods, Facultad De Medicina UDELAR , Montevideo , Uruguay.


Conclusions The assessment of postural responses (PR) based in a feedback control system model shows selective gains in different bands of frequencies adaptable with child development. Objective PR characterization of pre-lingual cochlear implant users (CIU) in different sensory conditions. Methods Total energy consumption of the body's center of pressure signal (ECCOP) and its distribution in three bands of frequencies: band 1 (0-0.1 Hz), band 2 (0.1-0.7 Hz), and band 3 (0.7-20 Hz) was measured in a sample of 18 CIU (8-16 years old) and in a control group (CG) (8-15 years old). They were assessed in a standing position on a force platform in two sensory conditions: 1 = Eyes open. 2 = Eyes closed and standing on foam. Results In condition 1, total ECCOP of PR and its proportion of energy consumption in the three bands of frequencies were similar between CIU and CG (p > 0.05). In condition 2, CIU have significantly higher ECCOP, mainly in high frequencies (bands 2 and 3) (p < 0.05). ECCOP values decreased with age also, mainly in bands 2 and 3. This behavior is interpreted in the control system model proposed as an adaptation process related with child development.


Posture; cochlear implant; postural control model

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