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Biomed Environ Sci. 2016 Jan;29(1):24-40. doi: 10.3967/bes2016.003.

Nutrition in Chinese-Korean Children and Adolescents.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Adolescent Health Assessment and Exercise Intervention, Ministry of Education, College of Physical Education & Health, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China.
2
nstitute of Child and Adolescent Health, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100191, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the nutrition habits among Chinese-Korean children and adolescents in Yanbian Autonomous Prefecture, Jilin, China.

METHODS:

Data were obtained from the Chinese National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health in 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2010 for Chinese-Korean children and adolescents aged 7-18 years. The number of the subjects included was 4789, 4704, 5875, and 5315, respectively.

RESULTS:

The rate of the occurrence of stunting showed a declining trend from 1995 to 2010 (for boys: urban, 6.3%; rural, 12.7% in 1995 and 3.5% for both in 2010. For girls: urban, 7.8%; rural, 13.4% in 1995 and 4.2% and 5.5%, respectively, in 2010). Although the ratio of wasting did not show significant differences between the urban and rural children and adolescents in 1995, 2000, 2005, and 2010 respectively, the ratio of occurrence of overweight or obesity increased (for boys: urban, 7.3% and 1.3% in 1995, 17.6% and 12.9% in 2010; rural, 7.0% and 1.3% in 1995, 14.6% and 12.8% in 2010, respectively. For girls: urban, 8.1% and 1.0% in 1995, 17.3% and 8.6% in 2010; rural 5.7% and 0.7% in 1995, 16.4% and 7.4% in 2010, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

The ratio of malnutrition in children and adolescents in Chinese-Korean areas declined from 1995 to 2010, and the distinction in malnutrition between the urban and rural areas was negligible in 2010. Further, the ratio of overweight and obesity increased over this period.

KEYWORDS:

Chinese-Korean children and adolescents; Nutrition; Overweight/Obesity; Stunting/Wasting

PMID:
26822510
DOI:
10.3967/bes2016.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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