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Sci Total Environ. 2016 Mar 15;547:461-469. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.12.096. Epub 2016 Jan 26.

Fugitive emissions of methane from abandoned, decommissioned oil and gas wells.

Author information

1
Centre for Research into Earth Energy Systems (CeREES), Department of Earth Sciences, Durham University, Science Labs, Durham DH1 3LE, UK.
2
Centre for Research into Earth Energy Systems (CeREES), Department of Earth Sciences, Durham University, Science Labs, Durham DH1 3LE, UK. Electronic address: Fred.Worrall@durham.ac.uk.
3
School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear NE1 7RU, UK.

Abstract

This study considered the fugitive emissions of methane (CH4) from former oil and gas exploration and production wells drilled to exploit conventional hydrocarbon reservoirs onshore in the UK. This study selected from the 66% of all onshore wells in the UK which appeared to be properly decommissioned (abandoned) that came from 4 different basins and were between 8 and 79 years old. The soil gas above each well was analysed and assessed relative to a nearby control site of similar land use and soil type. The results showed that of the 102 wells considered 30% had soil gas CH4 at the soil surface that was significantly greater than their respective control. Conversely, 39% of well sites had significant lower surface soil gas CH4 concentrations than their respective control. We interpret elevated soil gas CH4 concentrations to be the result of well integrity failure, but do not know the source of the gas nor the route to the surface. Where elevated CH4 was detected it appears to have occurred within a decade of it being drilled. The flux of CH4 from wells was 364 ± 677 kg CO2eq/well/year with a 27% chance that the well would have a negative flux to the atmosphere independent of well age. This flux is low relative to the activity commonly used on decommissioned well sites (e.g. sheep grazing), however, fluxes from wells that have not been appropriately decommissioned would be expected to be higher.

KEYWORDS:

Greenhouse gases; Shale gas; Well integrity

PMID:
26822472
DOI:
10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.12.096
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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