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Mov Disord. 1989;4(4):303-9.

Comparison of Sinemet CR4 and standard Sinemet: double blind and long-term open trial in parkinsonian patients with fluctuations.

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Department of Neurology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030.


"Wearing-off" effect, the most common form of levodopa-induced fluctuations, seems to be related to the short plasma half-life of the drug. More sustained plasma levodopa levels may be achieved with a new controlled-release formulation of carbidopa/levodopa, Sinemet CR4. We studied 20 patients, 12 men and 8 women, with Parkinson's disease complicated by "wearing-off" phenomenon. Mean age was 61.1 +/- 8.1 years, duration of symptoms 8.3 +/- 2.4 years, and the Hoehn-Yahr stage 3.0 +/- 0.9. In a 12-week double-blind study, the average number of tablets administered per day decreased from 5.7 +/- 1.2 to 3.8 +/- 0.7 when Sinemet CR4 (50/200) was substituted for the standard Sinemet (25/100) (p less than 0.001). However, this was at the expense of reducing the "on" time (without dyskinesia) from 9.3 +/- 4.6 to 7.5 +/- 4.3 (p less than 0.05), although the total "on" time did not significantly change. In a long-term follow-up of 18 patients, the "on" time with dyskinesia and morning dystonia significantly increased (p less than 0.05). There was no significant change in the total daily dosage of levodopa, but the daily number of doses and tablets significantly decreased (p less than 0.001). Despite increased dyskinesia, most patients preferred taking fewer tablets and have elected to continue taking Sinemet CR4 instead of standard Sinemet. Sinemet CR4 seems to offer a new and effective strategy for the management of levodopa-related fluctuations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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