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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2016 Jan-Feb;54(1):52-7.

[HIV screening through rapid testing to pregnant women in the Family Medicine Unit 171].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Unidad de Medicina Familiar 171, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Zapopan Jalisco, México. lizzuriostegui@gmail.com.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

BACKGROUND:

Coverage for HIV in our country through the rapid test has increased, from 8.2 % in 2006 to 59.8 % in 2012; however, it is still insufficient. The objective is to determine the prevalence of HIV screening through rapid testing to pregnant women in the Unidad de Medicina Familiar (UMF) 171.

METHODS:

It was carried out a descriptive cross-sectional study with non-probability sampling that included pregnant women of any age who came to birth control in the UMF 171 of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. Review of medical records was applied as a tool to gather information on the rapid test. A sample of 85 patients was calculated and descriptive statistical analysis was performed.

RESULTS:

85 patient records were reviewed in control pregnancy. Rapid testing for detection of antibodies to HIV was performed in 79 patients (93 %). In nine (10 %) of the patients who underwent the test, the result was not reported in their file. In six patients (7 %) of the total sample the rapid test was not requested or performed. The result of all rapid tests reported was HIV negative.

CONCLUSION:

There is an increase in the coverage of rapid HIV testing in pregnant women; however, not reporting and not requesting the test are still common problems in the early detection of HIV infection in pregnant women.

KEYWORDS:

HIV; IDS serodiagnosis; Pregnancy

PMID:
26820199
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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