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World J Gastroenterol. 2016 Jan 28;22(4):1721-6. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v22.i4.1721.

Systematic review of prognostic importance of extramural venous invasion in rectal cancer.

Author information

1
Manish Chand, Muhammed RS Siddiqui, Gina Brown, Royal Marsden Hospital, London SM2 5PT, United Kingdom.

Abstract

AIM:

To systematically review the survival outcomes relating to extramural venous invasion in rectal cancer.

METHODS:

A systematic review was conducted using PRISMA guidelines. An electronic search was carried out using MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane library databases, Google scholar and PubMed until October 2014. Search terms were used in combination to yield articles on extramural venous invasion in rectal cancer. Outcome measures included prevalence and 5-year survival rates. These were graphically displayed using Forest plots. Statistical analysis of the data was carried out.

RESULTS:

Fourteen studies reported the prevalence of extramural venous invasion (EMVI) positive patients. Prevalence ranged from 9%-61%. The pooled prevalence of EMVI positivity was 26% [Random effects: Event rate 0.26 (0.18, 0.36)]. Most studies showed that EMVI related to worse oncological outcomes. The pooled overall survival was 39.5% [Random effects: Event rate 0.395 (0.29, 0.51)].

CONCLUSION:

Historically, there has been huge variation in the prevalence of EMVI through inconsistent reporting. However the presence of EMVI clearly leads to worse survival outcomes. As detection rates become more consistent, EMVI may be considered as part of risk-stratification in rectal cancer. Standardised histopathological definitions and the use of magnetic resonance imaging to identify EMVI will improve detection rates in the future.

KEYWORDS:

Extramural venous invasion; Magnetic resonance imaging; Overall survival; Pathology; Rectal cancer; Vascular invasion

PMID:
26819536
PMCID:
PMC4722002
DOI:
10.3748/wjg.v22.i4.1721
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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