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Clin Neurophysiol. 2016 Apr;127(4):2134-9. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2016.01.001. Epub 2016 Jan 12.

Ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials to vertex low frequency vibration as a diagnostic test for superior canal dehiscence.

Author information

1
Deparment of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Audiology and Neurotology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: luca.verrecchia@ki.se.
2
Department of Audiology and Neurotology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
3
Deparment of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Audiology and Neurotology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To explore ocular vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (oVEMP) to low-frequency vertex vibration (125 Hz) as a diagnostic test for superior canal dehiscence (SCD) syndrome.

METHODS:

The oVEMP using 125 Hz single cycle bone-conducted vertex vibration were tested in 15 patients with unilateral superior canal dehiscence (SCD) syndrome, 15 healthy controls and in 20 patients with unilateral vestibular loss due to vestibular neuritis. Amplitude, amplitude asymmetry ratio, latency and interaural latency difference were parameters of interest.

RESULTS:

The oVEMP amplitude was significantly larger in SCD patients when affected sides (53 μVolts) were compared to non-affected (17.2 μVolts) or compared to healthy controls (13.6 μVolts). Amplitude larger than 33.8 μVolts separates effectively the SCD ears from the healthy ones with sensitivity of 87% and specificity of 93%. The other three parameters showed an overlap between affected SCD ears and non-affected as well as between SCD ears and those in the two control groups.

CONCLUSIONS:

oVEMP amplitude distinguishes SCD ears from healthy ones using low-frequency vibration stimuli at vertex.

SIGNIFICANCE:

Amplitude analysis of oVEMP evoked by low-frequency vertex bone vibration stimulation is an additional indicator of SCD syndrome and might serve for diagnosing SCD patients with coexistent conductive middle ear problems.

KEYWORDS:

BC vibration; Ocular VEMP; SCD; Semicircular canal dehiscence; VEMP; Vertex

PMID:
26818880
DOI:
10.1016/j.clinph.2016.01.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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