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Clin Psychol Psychother. 2017 Jan;24(1):278-286. doi: 10.1002/cpp.2000. Epub 2016 Jan 28.

Fostering Self-Compassion and Loving-Kindness in Patients With Borderline Personality Disorder: A Randomized Pilot Study.

Author information

1
Servei de Psiquiatria, Hospital de la Santa Creu i SantPau, Barcelona, Spain.
2
Institut d'Investigació Biomèdica SantPau-IIB SantPau, Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Salud Mental, CIBERSAM, Spain.
3
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.
4
Programa de Cognición. Instituto de Fundamentos y Métodos en Psicología, Facultad de Psicología, Universidad de la República, Uruguay.
5
Departament de Personalitat, Avaluació i Tractaments Psicològics, Universitat de València, Spain.
6
CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición, CIBEROBN Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
7
Universidad de Valencia, Spain.

Abstract

The aim of this randomized pilot study is to investigate the effects of a short training programme in loving-kindness and compassion meditation (LKM/CM) in patients with borderline personality disorder. Patients were allocated to LKM/CM or mindfulness continuation training (control group). Patients in the LKM/CM group showed greater changes in Acceptance compared with the control group. Remarkable changes in borderline symptomatology, self-criticism and self-kindness were also observed in the LKM/CM group. Mechanistic explanations and therapeutic implications of the findings are discussed.

HIGHLIGHTS:

Three weeks of loving-kindness and compassion meditations increased acceptance of the present-moment experience in patients with borderline personality disorder. Significant improvements in the severity of borderline symptoms, self-criticism, mindfulness, acceptance and self-kindness were observed after the LKM/CM intervention. LKM/CM is a promising complementary strategy for inclusion in mindfulness-based interventions and Dialectical Behavioural Therapy for treating core symptoms in borderline personality disorder. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

KEYWORDS:

Acceptance; Borderline Personality Disorder; Loving-Kindness; Mindfulness; Self-Compassion

PMID:
26818533
DOI:
10.1002/cpp.2000
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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