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Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Jan;95(3):e2425. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000002425.

Makorin Ring Finger Protein 1 as Adjunctive Marker in Liquid-based Cervical Cytology.

Author information

1
From the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Seoul National University College of Medicine (ML), Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine (MYC, H-YS, DBC, HBC, J-HK), Department of Pathology, CHA Gangnam Medical Center, CHA University (ES), Department of Pathology, Yonsei University College of Medicine (SWH); and Department of Pathology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea (K-MK).

Abstract

To assess the utility of makorin ring finger protein 1 (MKRN1) as a marker of cervical pathology.A PROspective specimen collection and retrospective Blinded Evaluation study was conducted. Liquid-based cytology samples were collected from 187 women, embedding all residuals as cell blocks for immunohistochemical staining of MKRN1 and P16 . Results of liquid-based cervical cytology, immunostained cell block sections, and human papillomavirus (HPV) hybrid capture (with real-time polymerase chain reaction) were analyzed. Clinical outcomes were analyzed overall and in subsets of specimens yielding atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance or low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions.Makorin ring finger protein 1 positivity and grades (1-3) of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) increased in tandem (CIN1, 32.4%; CIN2, 60.0%; and CIN3, 80.0%), reaching 92.3% in invasive cancer. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value in detecting CIN2+ via MKRN1 were 73.8%, 76.8%, 75.6%, and 75.0%, respectively. The performance of liquid-based cytology was poorer by comparison (61.3%, 69.5%, 66.2%, and 64.8%, respectively), and HPV assay (versus MKRN1 immunohistochemical staining) displayed lower specificity (67.7%). Combined HPV + MKRN1 testing proved highest in sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value (71.8%, 85.5%, 82.3%, and 76.5%, respectively), whereas corresponding values for cytology + HPV (60.6%, 81.8%, 75.4%, and 69.2%) and cytology + MKRN1 (58.8%, 84.1%, 78.3%, and 67.7%) were all similar. In instances of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance or low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions, the HPV + MKRN1 combination performed best by above measures (100%, 72.7%, 73.9%, and 100%), followed by cytology + MKRN1 (100%, 50.0%, 60.7%, and 100%).Makorin ring finger protein 1 displayed greater sensitivity and specificity than liquid-based cytology and proved more specific than HPV assay. In combination testing, MKRN1 + HPV showed the highest sensitivity and specificity levels. The MKRN1 biomarker may be a useful adjunct in primary cervical cytology screening.

PMID:
26817873
PMCID:
PMC4998247
DOI:
10.1097/MD.0000000000002425
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Conflict of interest statement

The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

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