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BJOG. 2016 Sep;123(10):1693-704. doi: 10.1111/1471-0528.13851. Epub 2016 Jan 28.

Tracking official development assistance for reproductive health in conflict-affected countries: 2002-2011.

Author information

1
Global Health and Security, Department of War Studies, King's College London, London, UK.
2
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, London, UK.
3
Reproductive Health Program, Women's Refugee Commission, New York, NY, USA.
4
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK.
5
Marie Stopes International, Brussels, Belgium.
6
Marie Stopes International, London, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To provide information on trends on official development assistance (ODA) disbursement patterns for reproductive health activities in 18 conflict-affected countries.

DESIGN:

Secondary data analysis.

SAMPLE:

18 conflict-affected countries and 36 non-conflict-affected countries.

METHODS:

The Creditor Reporting System (CRS) database was analyzed for ODA disbursement for direct and indirect reproductive health activities to 18 conflict-affected countries (2002-2011). A comparative analysis was also made with 36 non-conflict-affected counties in the same 'least-developed' income category. Multivariate regression analyses examined associations between conflict status and reproductive health ODA and between reproductive needs and ODA disbursements.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Patterns of ODA disbursements (constant U.S. dollars) for reproductive health activities.

RESULTS:

The average annual ODA disbursed for reproductive health to 18 conflict-affected countries from 2002 to 2011 was US$ 1.93 per person per year. There was an increase of 298% in ODA for reproductive health activities to the conflict-affected countries between 2002 and 2011; 56% of this increase was due to increases in HIV/AIDS funding. The average annual per capita reproductive health ODA disbursed to least-developed non-conflict-affected countries was 57% higher than to least-developed conflict-affected countries. Regression analyses confirmed disparities in ODA to and between conflict-affected countries.

CONCLUSIONS:

Despite increases in ODA for reproductive health for conflict-affected countries (albeit largely for HIV/AIDS activities), considerable disparities remains.

TWEETABLE ABSTRACT:

Study tracking 10 years of aid for reproductive aid shows major disparities for conflict-affected countries.

KEYWORDS:

Aid; ODA; conflict; reproductive health; war

PMID:
26817807
PMCID:
PMC5066640
DOI:
10.1111/1471-0528.13851
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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