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Chem Rec. 2016 Apr;16(2):614-32. doi: 10.1002/tcr.201500206. Epub 2016 Jan 27.

Prospects of Graphene as a Potential Carrier-Transport Material in Third-Generation Solar Cells.

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Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI) The National University of Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
Photovoltaic Materials Unit National Institute for Materials Science, 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 305-0047, Japan.
Inorganic and Physical Chemistry Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Technology, Uppal road, Tarnaka, Hyderabad, 500007, India.
Department of Environmental and Energy Chemistry Faculty of Engineering, Kogakuin University, 2665-1 Nakano-machi, Hachioji-shi, Tokyo, 192-0015, Japan.
CRC, Optometry Department College of Applied Medical Sciences King Saud University, Riyadh, 11433, Saudi Arabia.
Dept. of Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment The National University of Malaysia, 43600, Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia).


Third-generation solar cells are understood to be the pathway to overcoming the issues and drawbacks of the existing solar cell technologies. Since the introduction of graphene in solar cells, it has been providing attractive properties for the next generation of solar cells. Currently, there are more theoretical predictions rather than practical recognitions in third-generation solar cells. Some of the potential of graphene has been explored in organic photovoltaics (OPVs) and dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), but it has yet to be fully comprehended in the recent third-generation inorganic-organic hybrid perovskite solar cells. In this review, the diverse role of graphene in third-generation OPVs and DSSCs will be deliberated to provide an insight on the prospects and challenges of graphene in inorganic-organic hybrid perovskite solar cells.


graphene; organic photovoltaics; perovskite phases; renewable resources; solar cells


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