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J Hypertens. 1989 Aug;7(8):645-51.

Comparison of felodipine extended release and conventional tablets in essential hypertension using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring.

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Monash University, Department of Medicine, Prince Henry's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.


Two formulations of felodipine, conventional and extended release (ER) tablets, were compared in a double-blind, crossover study of patients whose blood pressure was not being controlled using metoprolol 100 mg once daily. Nineteen patients with a supine diastolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 95 mmHg after 4 weeks of taking metoprolol and placebo were randomly assigned to felodipine conventional (5 mg twice a day) or ER (10 mg once daily) for 4 weeks. A 2-week washout period was then followed by 4 weeks of treatment with the alternative formulation. Metoprolol once daily was taken concomitantly throughout the study. Clinic blood pressure was measured at 0 h (i.e. 12 h after the last dose of conventional, and 24 h after the last ER felodipine dose), and then 2 and 5 h after the following dose had been taken. Ambulatory blood pressure and the heart rate were monitored over 24 h using an Accutracker (Suntech Medical Instruments, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA). During the final treatment, both felodipine formulations caused similar substantial falls in supine blood pressure compared with pressures prior to randomized treatment. The falls in clinic blood pressures (systolic/diastolic) were similar with the conventional and ER formulations at all time points, i.e. 0 h (21/13; 19/11 mmHg), 2 h (39/18; 36/18 mmHg) and 5 h (30/12; 35/11 mmHg) after the morning dose was taken. Both formulations also produced similar falls in blood pressures over 24 h and during the daytime (21/12; 20/12 mmHg).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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