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Sci Rep. 2016 Jan 27;6:19927. doi: 10.1038/srep19927.

Fano resonances from gradient-index metamaterials.

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1
College of Physics, Optoelectronics and Energy &Collaborative Innovation Center of Suzhou Nano Science and Technology, Soochow University, No. 1 Shizi Street, Suzhou 215006, China.

Abstract

Fano resonances - resonant scattering features with a characteristic asymmetric profile - have generated much interest, due to their extensive and valuable applications in chemical or biological sensors, new types of optical switches, lasers and nonlinear optics. They have been observed in a wide variety of resonant optical systems, including photonic crystals, metamaterials, metallic gratings and nanostructures. In this work, a waveguide structure is designed by employing gradient-index metamaterials, supporting strong Fano resonances with extremely sharp spectra. As the changes in the transmission spectrum originate from the interaction of guided modes from different channels, instead of resonance structures or metamolecules, the Fano resonances can be observed for both transverse electric and transverse magnetic polarizations. These findings are verified by fine agreement with analytical calculations and experimental results at microwave, as well as simulated results at near infrared frequencies.

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