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Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2016 Feb;81:33-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2015.11.035. Epub 2015 Dec 11.

Expression of CXCL4 and aquaporin 3 and 10 mRNAs in patients with otitis media with effusion.

Author information

1
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Dalian University, Dalian, China.
2
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
3
Medical Science Research Institute, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
4
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
5
Medical Science Research Institute, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Otorhinolaryngology, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: yeo2park@gmail.com.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Bacterial infections in children with underdeveloped Eustachian tubes are a major cause of otitis media with effusion (OEM), and persistent effusion in the middle ear in these patients is a major cause of surgical intervention. CXCL4 is associated with bacterial infection, and aquaporins 3 and 10 are associated with water metabolism. This study assessed the expression of mRNAs encoding CXCL-4 and aquaporins 3 and 10 in the effusion of pediatric OME patients, and the association of this expression with clinical manifestations.

METHODS:

Levels of CXCL4 and aquaporin 3 and 10 mRNA were assayed by real-time RT-PCR in the middle ear effusion of 38 pediatric patients with OME requiring ventilation tube insertion. The relationships of these mRNA levels with the presence of bacteria; concomitant diseases such as allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, and adenoid disease; recurrence of OME; and number of ventilation tube insertions were evaluated.

RESULTS:

CXCL4 and aquaporin 3 and 10 mRNAs were expressed in middle ear effusion of all OME patients. CXCL-4 mRNA levels were significantly lower when bacteria were present and in patients with concomitant diseases (p<0.05 each). Levels of all three mRNAs were unrelated to OME recurrence or number of ventilation tube insertions (p>0.05 each). The levels of CXCL4 and aquaporin 10 mRNAs were significantly correlated (p<0.05).

CONCLUSION:

Expression of CXCL4 and aquaporin 3 and 10 mRNAs in middle ear effusion is associated with the pathophysiology of OME. CXCL4 mRNA levels are significantly lower in patients with than without concomitant diseases or bacterial infections.

KEYWORDS:

Aquaporin 3 and 10; CXCL4 and 7; Otitis media with effusion (OME)

PMID:
26810286
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijporl.2015.11.035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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