Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Gen Physiol. 2016 Feb;147(2):127-36. doi: 10.1085/jgp.201511496.

Currents through Hv1 channels deplete protons in their vicinity.

Author information

1
Departamento de Fisiología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México DF 04510, México.
2
Departamento de Fisiología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México DF 04510, México lislas@canales.facmed.unam.mx.

Abstract

Proton channels have evolved to provide a pH regulatory mechanism, affording the extrusion of protons from the cytoplasm at all membrane potentials. Previous evidence has suggested that channel-mediated acid extrusion could significantly change the local concentration of protons in the vicinity of the channel. In this work, we directly measure the proton depletion caused by activation of Hv1 proton channels using patch-clamp fluorometry recordings from channels labeled with the Venus fluorescent protein at intracellular domains. The fluorescence of the Venus protein is very sensitive to pH, thus behaving as a genetically encoded sensor of local pH. Eliciting outward proton currents increases the fluorescence intensity of Venus. This dequenching is related to the magnitude of the current and not to channel gating and is dependent on the pH gradient. Our results provide direct evidence of local proton depletion caused by flux through the proton-selective channel.

PMID:
26809792
PMCID:
PMC4727945
DOI:
10.1085/jgp.201511496
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center