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J Colloid Interface Sci. 2016 Apr 1;467:261-270. doi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2016.01.024. Epub 2016 Jan 14.

Polyaniline coated membranes for effective separation of oil-in-water emulsions.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, People's Republic of China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, People's Republic of China.
2
State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: jli@licp.cas.cn.
3
State Key Laboratory of Solid Lubrication, Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, People's Republic of China; Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for the Green Preparation and Application of Functional Materials, Hubei University, Wuhan 430062, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: zguo@licp.cas.cn.

Abstract

Polyaniline (PANI) decorated commercial filtration membranes, such as stainless steel meshes (SSMs) with 5μm pore size and polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) membranes with 2-0.22μm pore sizes, were fabricated by a simple one-step dilute polymerization at low temperature. Lots of short PANI nanofibers were firmly and uniformly coated onto the membrane surfaces, forming rough micro- and nanoscale structures and leading to underwater superoleophobicity with low oil-adhesion characteristic. Furthermore, we systematically studied the effect of pore size and pressure difference on oil-water separation ability of the obtained membranes. It was found that the PANI-modified SSMs with 5μm pore size were suitable for the separation of non-surfactant emulsions with water fluxes of more than 1000Lm(-2)h(-1) under gravity only. The PANI-modified PVDF membranes were used for the effective separation of surfactant-stabilized emulsions with water fluxes up to 3000Lm(-2)h(-1) for 2μm pore size under 0.1bar or 0.22μm pore size under 0.6bar. In addition, the superhydrophilic membranes with PANI coatings were demonstrated for high oil rejection, stable underwater superoleophobic properties after ultrasonic treatment and immersing in oils and various harsh conditions, and high and steady water permeation flux after several cycles.

KEYWORDS:

Oil-in-water emulsion separation; Polyaniline; Porous membranes; Superhydrophilic; Underwater superoleophobic

PMID:
26809105
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcis.2016.01.024

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