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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2016 Feb 17;8(6):4000-6. doi: 10.1021/acsami.5b11327. Epub 2016 Feb 4.

Improvement of Cycling Performance of Lithium-Sulfur Batteries by Using Magnesium Oxide as a Functional Additive for Trapping Lithium Polysulfide.

Author information

1
Department of Chemical Engineering, Hanyang University , Seoul 133-791, Korea.

Abstract

Trapping lithium polysulfides formed in the sulfur positive electrode of lithium-sulfur batteries is one of the promising approaches to overcome the issues related to polysulfide dissolution. In this work, we demonstrate that intrinsically hydrophilic magnesium oxide (MgO) nanoparticles having surface hydroxyl groups can be used as effective additives to trap lithium polysulfides in the positive electrode. MgO nanoparticles were uniformly distributed on the surface of the active sulfur, and the addition of MgO into the sulfur electrode resulted in an increase in capacity retention of the lithium-sulfur cell compared to a cell with pristine sulfur electrode. The improvement in cycling stability was attributed to the strong chemical interactions between MgO and lithium polysulfide species, which suppressed the shuttling effect of lithium polysulfides and enhanced the utilization of the sulfur active material. To the best of our knowledge, this report is the first demonstration of MgO as an effective functional additive to trap lithium polysulfides in lithium-sulfur cells.

KEYWORDS:

functional additive; lithium polysulfide; lithium−sulfur battery; magnesium oxide; polysulfide dissolution

PMID:
26808673
DOI:
10.1021/acsami.5b11327

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