Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Prog Brain Res. 2016;223:329-46. doi: 10.1016/bs.pbr.2015.07.011. Epub 2015 Oct 23.

Neural systems implicated in obesity as an addictive disorder: from biological to behavioral mechanisms.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
2
Oregon Research Institute, Eugene, OR, USA.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA; Department of Neurobiology, Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA; CASAColumbia, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA.
4
Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA. Electronic address: agearhar@umich.edu.

Abstract

Contributing factors to obesity have been identified, yet prevention and treatment efforts have had limited long-term success. It has recently been suggested that some individuals may experience an addictive-like response to certain foods, such as losing control over consumption and continued consumption despite negative consequences. In support, shared biological and behavioral features seem to exist between "food addiction" and traditional substance-use disorders. "Food addiction" may be another important contributor to obesity. The current chapter reviews existing literature regarding neural systems implicated similarly in obesity and addiction, discusses unique considerations for addictive-like eating, and proposes directions for future research regarding "food addiction" as an emerging construct for addiction medicine.

KEYWORDS:

Addiction; Food addiction; Obesity; Reward; Substance dependence

PMID:
26806784
DOI:
10.1016/bs.pbr.2015.07.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center