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Encephale. 2016 Apr;42(2):138-43. doi: 10.1016/j.encep.2015.12.015. Epub 2016 Jan 19.

[Pubertal maturation, physical self-esteem and sexuality in a sample of French adolescents].

[Article in French]

Author information

1
Département de psychologie, EA 6291 « cognition santé et socialisation », université de Reims-Champagne-Ardenne, 51000 Reims, France. Electronic address: catherine.potard@univ-reims.fr.
2
Département de psychologie, EA 2114 « Psychologie des âges de la vie », PRES Centre-Val-de-Loire université, université François-Rabelais de Tours, 37041 Tours cedex, France; Clinique psychiatrique universitaire, CHRU de Tours, 37044 Tours cedex, France.
3
Département de psychologie, EA 2114 « Psychologie des âges de la vie », PRES Centre-Val-de-Loire université, université François-Rabelais de Tours, 37041 Tours cedex, France.

Abstract

AIM:

The aim of this study was to explore the links between pubertal maturation, physical self-esteem and sexuality in adolescence, differentiating between boys and girls.

METHOD:

The sample was comprised of 312 French secondary school children (seventh and ninth grades); 52.6 % (n=164) of whom were girls. Participants answered three self-evaluation questionnaires: the scale of sexuality (interests, emotions, relationships: IERS) in prime adolescence (12 to 15 years); (b) the self-administered rating scale for pubertal development and (c) the Physical Self-Description Questionnaire (PSDQ).

RESULTS:

Pubertal maturation was associated with higher scores on "Flirting with the aim of having sexual relations" and "Going out with someone", and a drop in overall and physical self-esteem, mainly in socially valued domains, namely "Body fat" for girls, and "Strength" and "Health" for boys. Overall physical self-esteem was associated with "Going out with someone" and "Flirting with the aim of having sexual relations" in boys.

DISCUSSION:

Physical changes at puberty induce two distinct trends in adolescents: sexual exploration and discovery (genitalized body), and self-depreciation (social body).

KEYWORDS:

Adolescence; Estime de soi corporelle; Maturation pubertaire; Physical self-esteem; Psychosexual behaviour; Pubertal maturation; Puberty; Puberté; Sexualité

PMID:
26806140
DOI:
10.1016/j.encep.2015.12.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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