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Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2016 Feb 14;18(6):4871-80. doi: 10.1039/c5cp07441j.

Carbon monoxide protonation in condensed phases and bonding to surface superacidic Brønsted centers.

Author information

1
Vorozhtsov Institute of Organic Chemistry, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences (SB RAS), Novosibirsk 630090, Russia. evgenii@nioch.nsc.ru and Department of Natural Science, National Research University - Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.
2
Department of Natural Science, National Research University - Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia and Boreskov Institute of Catalysis SB RAS, Novosibirsk 630090, Russia.

Abstract

Using infrared (IR) spectroscopy and density functional theory (DFT) calculations, interaction of CO with the strongest known pure Brønsted carborane superacids, H(CHB11Hal11) (Hal = F, Cl), was studied. CO readily interacted at room temperature with H(CHB11F11) acid, forming a mixture of bulk salts of formyl and isoformyl cations, which were in equilibrium An(-)H(+)CO COH(+)An(-). The bonding of CO to the surface Brønsted centers of the weaker acid, H(CHB11Cl11), resulted in breaking of the bridged H-bonds of the acid polymers without proton transfer (PT) to CO. The binding occurred via the C atom (blue shift ΔνCO up to +155-167 cm(-1), without PT) or via O atom (red shift ΔνCO up to -110 cm(-1), without PT) always simultaneously, regardless of whether H(+) is transferred to CO. IR spectra of all species were interpreted by B3LYP/cc-pVQZ calculations of the simple models, which adequately mimic the ability of carborane acids to form LH(+)CO, LH(+)CO, COH(+)L, and COH(+)L compounds (L = bases). The CO bond in all compounds was triple. Acidic strength of the Brønsted centers of commonly used acid catalysts, even so-called superacidic catalysts, is not sufficient for the formation of the compounds studied.

PMID:
26805010
DOI:
10.1039/c5cp07441j

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