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Cell Stress Chaperones. 2016 May;21(3):429-37. doi: 10.1007/s12192-016-0669-5. Epub 2016 Jan 22.

Gypenosides alleviate myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury via attenuation of oxidative stress and preservation of mitochondrial function in rat heart.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, 110001, People's Republic of China. haijieyu@126.com.
2
Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, 110001, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Gypenosides (GP) are the predominant components of Gynostemma pentaphyllum, a Chinese herb medicine that has been widely used for the treatment of chronic inflammation, hyperlipidemia, and cardiovascular disease. GP has been demonstrated to exert protective effects on the liver and brain against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, yet whether it is beneficial to the heart during myocardial I/R is unclear. In this study, we demonstrate that pre-treatment with GP dose-dependently limits infarct size, alleviates I/R-induced pathological changes in the myocardium, and preserves left ventricular function in a rat model of cardiac I/R injury. In addition, GP pre-treatment reduces oxidative stress and protects the intracellular antioxidant machinery in the myocardium. Further, we show that the cardioprotective effect of GP is associated with the preservation of mitochondrial function in the cardiomyocytes, as indicated by ATP level, enzymatic activities of complex I, II, and IV on the mitochondrial respiration chain, and the activity of citrate synthase in the citric acid cycle for energy generation. Moreover, GP maintains mitochondrial membrane integrity and inhibits the release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria to the cytosol. The cytoprotective effect of GP is further confirmed in vitro in H9c2 cardiomyoblast cell line with oxygen-glucose deprivation and reperfusion (OGD/R), and the results indicate that GP protects cell viability, reduces oxidative stress, and preserves mitochondrial function. In conclusion, our study suggests that GP may be of clinical value in cytoprotection during acute myocardial infarction and reperfusion.

KEYWORDS:

Cardioprotection; Gypenosides; Mitochondrial function; Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion; Oxidative stress

PMID:
26800973
PMCID:
PMC4837178
DOI:
10.1007/s12192-016-0669-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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