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Disabil Rehabil. 2016 Dec;38(25):2504-13. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2015.1130177. Epub 2016 Jan 22.

Understanding how prevocational training on care farms can lead to functioning, motivation and well-being.

Author information

1
a Department of Landscape Architecture and Spatial Planning , Section for Public Health Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences , Ås , Norway ;
2
b Department of Animal and Aquacultural Sciences , Norwegian University of Life Sciences , Ås , Norway ;
3
c Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo , Oslo , Norway ;
4
d Faculty of Health and Social Work Studies, Østfold University College , Fredrikstad , Norway.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Prevocational training aims to improve basic vocational and social skills, supporting return to work for people who have been out of work for a long time. Care farms provide prevocational training; the aim of the study was to use the self-determination theory to gain an understanding of how these programmes can lead to healthy functioning and motivation for clients.

METHOD:

A total of 194 participants in prevocational training on care farms answered questions about demographic information, their perception of being a colleague, the social community on the farm, experiencing nature and animals and need satisfaction. A cross-sectional design resulting in a structural equation model was used to understand how elements of the care farm context influence satisfaction of three psychological needs.

RESULTS:

The results showed that a feeling of being a useful colleague led to competence, experiencing a sense of group belonging led to relatedness and autonomy, while receiving social support from the farmer led to satisfaction of all three needs for the participants.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results explain how prevocational training can stimulate participants' functionality, motivation and well-being. This understanding enables initiators and managers of prevocational training to understand and further strengthen the need-supportive elements of such programmes. Implications for Rehabilitation Prevocational training on care farms can facilitate motivation, functioning and well-being for clients. Making clients feel like useful colleagues that belong to a client group will strengthen the positive qualities of these programmes. Support, understanding and acknowledgement from the farmer are the most important elements for a positive development for the clients.

KEYWORDS:

Care farms; need support; return to work; self-determination theory; vocational rehabilitation

PMID:
26800961
DOI:
10.3109/09638288.2015.1130177
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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