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J Neurosurg. 2016 Sep;125(3):544-50. doi: 10.3171/2015.9.JNS15761. Epub 2016 Jan 22.

Outcomes after surgical treatment of meningioma-associated proptosis.

Author information

1
Departments of 1 Neurosurgery and.
2
Ophthalmology, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Meningioma-associated proptosis (MAP) can be cosmetically and functionally debilitating for patients with sphenoorbital and other skull base meningiomas, and there is limited information on the quantitative improvement in proptosis after surgery. Because less extensive removals of tumor involving the orbit fail to reduce proptosis, the senior author has adopted an aggressive surgical approach to the removal of tumor involving the periorbita and orbit. The authors of this study retrospectively reviewed outcomes of this surgical approach. METHODS All surgeries for MAP performed by a single surgeon between January 1, 2002, and May 1, 2015, were reviewed. Age, sex, visual symptoms, number and types of surgical treatments, cavernous sinus involvement, complications, duration of follow-up, residual tumor, use of adjuvant radiation therapy, and extent of proptosis resolution as measured by the exophthalmos index (EI) pre- and postoperatively and at the final follow-up were recorded. RESULTS Thirty-three patients (24 female [73%]) with an average age of 51.6 years were treated for MAP. Of the 22 patients with additional visual symptoms (for example, loss of visual acuity, field cut, or diplopia), 15 had improved vision and 7 had stable vision. No patients had worse proptosis after treatment. The average preoperative EI was 1.39, the average immediate postoperative EI was 1.23, and the average final EI at the most recent follow-up was 1.13. Thus, average overall EI improvement was 0.26, but the average immediate EI reduction was 0.16, demonstrating that proptosis progressively improved during the postoperative period. Residual cavernous sinus involvement was present in 17 of 18 patients who had had preoperative cavernous sinus meningioma involvement. Only 2 patients in the series had recurrent tumor at the orbital region, and their proptosis improved again after reoperation. One case of delayed vasospasm and 2 cases of postoperative trigeminal numbness (V2) were recorded. The average follow-up was 4.5 years (53.8 months). CONCLUSIONS In this series, all patients experienced proptosis improvement and none had worse visual symptoms at the final follow-up, although proptosis resolution occurred over time. Only 2 patients had tumor recurrence at the orbit that required surgery. Surgical complications were uncommon. Study results suggest that aggressive resection of MAP is well tolerated and offers superior proptosis elimination with infrequent recurrence at the orbit. Importantly, no cases of enophthalmos were noted despite the lack of formal reconstruction of the orbit.

KEYWORDS:

EI = exophthalmos index; MAP = meningioma-associated proptosis; SOM = sphenoorbital meningioma; meningioma; oncology; proptosis; skull base; vision

PMID:
26799293
DOI:
10.3171/2015.9.JNS15761
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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