Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Pediatr Pulmonol. 2016 Aug;51(8):803-11. doi: 10.1002/ppul.23384. Epub 2016 Jan 21.

Maternal body mass index before pregnancy is associated with increased bronchodilator dispensing in early childhood: A cross-sectional study.

Author information

1
Oregon Health and Science University, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Road, Portland, Oregon.
2
Kasier Permanente Center for Health Research, 3800 N. Interstate Avenue, Portland, Oregon.

Abstract

RATIONALE:

Maternal prepregnancy obesity has been associated with early wheeze and childhood asthma in their offspring. Some of these studies have been in minority, urban, and disadvantaged populations using parental recall and questionnaires. The association of maternal prepregnancy obesity with bronchodilator dispensing to their offspring, in a primarily insured, non-urban, White population in the United States is unknown.

OBJECTIVES AND METHODS:

We conducted a retrospective cohort study using pharmacy dispensing data from the electronic medical records of a large United States health maintenance organization to examine the relationship between maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and inhaled bronchodilator dispensing in the offspring to 4 years of age. We included infants ≥37 weeks' gestation with birth weight ≥2.5 kg which yielded 6,194 mother-baby pairs. Maternal prepregnancy BMI was categorized as underweight (<18.5 kg/m(2) ), normal (18.5-24.9 kg/m(2) ), overweight (25-29.9 kg/m(2) ), or obese (≥30 kg/m(2) ).

RESULTS:

In the entire cohort, 27.6% of the offspring received a bronchodilator dispensing. This ranged from 19.2% in the offspring of underweight mothers to 31.3% of those born to obese mothers. In the fully adjusted model using normal BMI as the referent, children of obese mothers had a 22% higher rate of bronchodilator dispensing (adjusted OR = 1.22; 95%CI 1.05-1.41; P = 0.008).

CONCLUSIONS:

In this insured, non-urban, White population, maternal prepregnancy obesity was associated with bronchodilator dispensing in the offspring in early life. These results extend previous data and reaffirm the potential widespread public health impact that prepregnancy obesity may have on subsequent childhood respiratory health. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2016;51:803-811. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

KEYWORDS:

bronchodilator; maternal obesity; pediatrics; wheeze

PMID:
26797879
PMCID:
PMC4956540
DOI:
10.1002/ppul.23384
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center