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Sci Rep. 2016 Jan 22;6:19492. doi: 10.1038/srep19492.

Functional mutagenesis screens reveal the 'cap structure' formation in disulfide-bridge free TASK channels.

Author information

1
Institute for Physiology and Pathophysiology, University of Marburg, 35037 Marburg, Germany.
2
Center for Bioinformatics and Molecular Simulation, University of Talca, Talca, Chile.

Abstract

Two-pore-domain potassium (K2P) channels have a large extracellular cap structure formed by two M1-P1 linkers, containing a cysteine for dimerization. However, this cysteine is not present in the TASK-1/3/5 subfamily. The functional role of the cap is poorly understood and it remained unclear whether K2P channels assemble in the domain-swapped orientation or not. Functional alanine-mutagenesis screens of TASK-1 and TRAAK were used to build an in silico model of the TASK-1 cap. According to our data the cap structure of disulfide-bridge free TASK channels is similar to that of other K2P channels and is most likely assembled in the domain-swapped orientation. As the conserved cysteine is not essential for functional expression of all K2P channels tested, we propose that hydrophobic residues at the inner leaflets of the cap domains can interact with each other and that this way of stabilizing the cap is most likely conserved among K2P channels.

PMID:
26794006
PMCID:
PMC4726246
DOI:
10.1038/srep19492
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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