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Front Psychol. 2016 Jan 12;6:2033. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.02033. eCollection 2015.

Preserved Suppression of Salient Irrelevant Stimuli During Visual Search in Age-Associated Memory Impairment.

Author information

1
Gerontology Research Group, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidade da Coruña A Coruña, Spain.
2
Research, Development and Innovation Department, Gerontological Complex La Milagrosa, Provincial Association of Pensioners and Retired People (UDP) from A Coruña A Coruña, Spain.
3
Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, University of Santiago de Compostela Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

Abstract

Previous studies have suggested that older adults with age-associated memory impairment (AAMI) may show a significant decline in attentional resource capacity and inhibitory processes in addition to memory impairment. In the present paper, the potential attentional capture by task-irrelevant stimuli was examined in older adults with AAMI compared to healthy older adults using scalp-recorded event-related brain potentials (ERPs). ERPs were recorded during the execution of a visual search task, in which the participants had to detect the presence of a target stimulus that differed from distractors by orientation. To explore the automatic attentional capture phenomenon, an irrelevant distractor stimulus defined by a different feature (color) was also presented without previous knowledge of the participants. A consistent N2pc, an electrophysiological indicator of attentional deployment, was present for target stimuli but not for task-irrelevant color stimuli, suggesting that these irrelevant distractors did not attract attention in AAMI older adults. Furthermore, the N2pc for targets was significantly delayed in AAMI patients compared to healthy older controls. Together, these findings suggest a specific impairment of the attentional selection process of relevant target stimuli in these individuals and indicate that the mechanism of top-down suppression of entirely task-irrelevant stimuli is preserved, at least when the target and the irrelevant stimuli are perceptually very different.

KEYWORDS:

AAMI; ERPs; N2pc; automatic attentional capture; visual search

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