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Am J Clin Nutr. 2016 Feb;103(2):648S-78S. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.115.117309. Epub 2016 Jan 20.

Working group reports: evaluation of the evidence to support practice guidelines for nutritional care of preterm infants-the Pre-B Project.

Author information

1
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, NIH, Bethesda, MD; raitend@mail.nih.gov.
2
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Chicago, IL;
3
University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS;
4
University of California-Davis, Davis, CA;
5
Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX;
6
University of Colorado, Aurora, CO;
7
Fairfax Neonatal Associates at Inova Children's Hospital, Fairfax, VA;
8
University of Florida, Gainesville, FL;
9
University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN;
10
Case Western Reserve University-School of Medicine, Cleveland, OH; and.
11
University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Abstract

The "Evaluation of the Evidence to Support Practice Guidelines for the Nutritional Care of Preterm Infants: The Pre-B Project" is the first phase in a process to present the current state of knowledge and to support the development of evidence-informed guidance for the nutritional care of preterm and high-risk newborn infants. The future systematic reviews that will ultimately provide the underpinning for guideline development will be conducted by the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics' Evidence Analysis Library (EAL). To accomplish the objectives of this first phase, the Pre-B Project organizers established 4 working groups (WGs) to address the following themes: 1) nutrient specifications for preterm infants, 2) clinical and practical issues in enteral feeding of preterm infants, 3) gastrointestinal and surgical issues, and 4) current standards of infant feeding. Each WG was asked to 1) develop a series of topics relevant to their respective themes, 2) identify questions for which there is sufficient evidence to support a systematic review process conducted by the EAL, and 3) develop a research agenda to address priority gaps in our understanding of the role of nutrition in health and development of preterm/neonatal intensive care unit infants. This article is a summary of the reports from the 4 Pre-B WGs.

KEYWORDS:

enteral nutrition; growth; nutrient requirements; parenteral nutrition; preterm birth

PMID:
26791182
PMCID:
PMC6459074
DOI:
10.3945/ajcn.115.117309
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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