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J Pediatr Nurs. 2016 May-Jun;31(3):e185-97. doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2015.12.001. Epub 2016 Jan 12.

The Effects of Mind Subtraction Meditation on Depression, Social Anxiety, Aggression, and Salivary Cortisol Levels of Elementary School Children in South Korea.

Author information

1
Department of Nursing, Kunsan National University, Gunsan-si, Jeollabuk-do, Korea.
2
Department of Aerospace Engineering, KAIST, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, Korea.
3
Department of Paramedic Science, Korea National University of Transportation, Jeungpyeong-gun, Chungcheongbuk-do, Korea.
4
Department of Education, Dongguk University, Jung-gu, Seoul Korea.
5
Gyesan Elementary School, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, Korea.
6
College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Dongjak-gu, Seoul, Korea.
7
School of Nursing and Allied Health Professions, Holy Family University, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address: byu@holyfamily.edu.

Abstract

This study analyzed the effects of a school-based mind subtraction meditation program on depression, social anxiety, aggression, and salivary cortisol levels of 42 elementary school children in South Korea. The research design was a nonequivalent group comparison with pretest and post-test. The experimental group was given 8weeks of the meditation program. The results showed social anxiety, aggression, and salivary cortisol levels were significantly lowered in the experimental group. This demonstrated that the school-based mind subtraction meditation program could be effective in improving psychosocial and behavioral aspects of mental health in elementary school children.

KEYWORDS:

Aggression; Depression; Elementary school students; Mind subtraction meditation; Salivary cortisol; School-based meditation program; Social anxiety; Stress

PMID:
26790919
DOI:
10.1016/j.pedn.2015.12.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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