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Infect Chemother. 2015 Dec;47(4):278-302. doi: 10.3947/ic.2015.47.4.278. Epub 2015 Dec 30.

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Infection Control and Prevention Guideline for Healthcare Facilities.

Author information

1
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Incheon Medical Center, Incheon, Korea.
2
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Guro Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Anam Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
4
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul Hospital, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
5
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Gangnam Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
6
Department of Infection Control, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
7
Department of Infection Control, Ewha Womens University Mokdong Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
8
Keonyang University College of Nursing, Daejeon, Korea.
9
Department of Infection Control, Konkuk University Seoul Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
10
Catholic University of Korea College of Nursing, Seoul, Korea.
11
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul Metropolitan Government Seobuk Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
12
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
13
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
14
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.
15
Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
16
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Eulji University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea.
17
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
18
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
19
Department of Infectious Diseases, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
20
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Kangwon National University School of Medicine, Chucheon, Korea.
21
Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is an acute viral respiratory illness with high mortality caused by a new strain of betacoronavirus (MERS-CoV). Since the report of the first patient in Saudi Arabia in 2012, large-scale outbreaks through hospital-acquired infection and inter-hospital transmission have been reported. Most of the patients reported in South Korea were also infected in hospital settings. Therefore, to eliminate the spread of MERS-CoV, infection prevention and control measures should be implemented with rigor. The present guideline has been drafted on the basis of the experiences of infection control in the South Korean hospitals involved in the recent MERS outbreak and on domestic and international infection prevention and control guidelines. To ensure efficient MERS-CoV infection prevention and control, care should be taken to provide comprehensive infection control measures including contact control, hand hygiene, personal protective equipment, disinfection, and environmental cleaning.

KEYWORDS:

Disinfection; Infection control; Middle east respiratory syndrome coronavirus; Personal protective equipment; Quarantine

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