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J Health Psychol. 2017 Jul;22(8):993-1003. doi: 10.1177/1359105315621779. Epub 2016 Jan 18.

Self-efficacy, pros, and cons as variables associated with adjacent stages of change for regular exercise in Japanese college students.

Author information

1
1 Iwate Prefectural University, Japan.
2
2 Kurume University, Japan.
3
3 The University of Rhode Island, USA.
4
4 Georgia State University, USA.
5
5 Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, Japan.

Abstract

This study examined self-efficacy (confidence to exercise), pros (exercise's advantages), and cons (exercise's disadvantages) as variables associated across the transtheoretical model's six stages of change in 403 Japanese college students. A series of logistic regression analyses were conducted. Results showed that higher pros and lower cons were associated with being in contemplation compared to precontemplation. Lower cons were associated with being in preparation compared to contemplation. Higher self-efficacy was associated with being in action compared to preparation as well as being in maintenance compared to action. Lower cons were associated with being in termination compared to maintenance.

KEYWORDS:

cons; exercise behavior; pros; self-efficacy; transtheoretical model

PMID:
26786174
DOI:
10.1177/1359105315621779
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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