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Mol Cell Proteomics. 2016 Apr;15(4):1246-61. doi: 10.1074/mcp.M115.054593. Epub 2016 Jan 19.

High-resolution Antibody Array Analysis of Childhood Acute Leukemia Cells.

Author information

1
From the ‡CLIP - Childhood Leukaemia Investigation Prague, Department of Paediatric Haematology and Oncology, 2 Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, V Uvalu 84, 15006 Prague 5, Czech Republic;
2
§Institute of Molecular Genetics, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic; Videnska 1083, 14220 Prague, Czech Republic;
3
¶Department of Immunology, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet; Sognsvannsveien 20, 0372 Oslo, Norway.
4
From the ‡CLIP - Childhood Leukaemia Investigation Prague, Department of Paediatric Haematology and Oncology, 2 Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague, V Uvalu 84, 15006 Prague 5, Czech Republic; tomas.kalina@lfmotol.cuni.cz.

Abstract

Acute leukemia is a disease pathologically manifested at both genomic and proteomic levels. Molecular genetic technologies are currently widely used in clinical research. In contrast, sensitive and high-throughput proteomic techniques for performing protein analyses in patient samples are still lacking. Here, we used a technology based on size exclusion chromatography followed by immunoprecipitation of target proteins with an antibody bead array (Size Exclusion Chromatography-Microsphere-based Affinity Proteomics, SEC-MAP) to detect hundreds of proteins from a single sample. In addition, we developed semi-automatic bioinformatics tools to adapt this technology for high-content proteomic screening of pediatric acute leukemia patients.To confirm the utility of SEC-MAP in leukemia immunophenotyping, we tested 31 leukemia diagnostic markers in parallel by SEC-MAP and flow cytometry. We identified 28 antibodies suitable for both techniques. Eighteen of them provided excellent quantitative correlation between SEC-MAP and flow cytometry (p< 0.05). Next, SEC-MAP was applied to examine 57 diagnostic samples from patients with acute leukemia. In this assay, we used 632 different antibodies and detected 501 targets. Of those, 47 targets were differentially expressed between at least two of the three acute leukemia subgroups. The CD markers correlated with immunophenotypic categories as expected. From non-CD markers, we found DBN1, PAX5, or PTK2 overexpressed in B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemias, LAT, SH2D1A, or STAT5A overexpressed in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias, and HCK, GLUD1, or SYK overexpressed in acute myeloid leukemias. In addition, OPAL1 overexpression corresponded to ETV6-RUNX1 chromosomal translocation.In summary, we demonstrated that SEC-MAP technology is a powerful tool for detecting hundreds of proteins in clinical samples obtained from pediatric acute leukemia patients. It provides information about protein size and reveals differences in protein expression between particular leukemia subgroups. Forty-seven of SEC-MAP identified targets were validated by other conventional method in this study.

PMID:
26785729
PMCID:
PMC4824853
DOI:
10.1074/mcp.M115.054593
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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