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Can J Aging. 2016 Mar;35(1):28-41. doi: 10.1017/S0714980815000616. Epub 2016 Jan 19.

A Literature Review of Homelessness and Aging: Suggestions for a Policy and Practice-Relevant Research Agenda.

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Department of Health,Aging, and Society,McMaster University.
Gilbrea Centre for Studies on Aging,McMaster University.
School of Social Work,McGill University.
Psychologie,Université du Québec à Montréal,UQAM.


Homelessness among older people is a growing concern across Canada and is expected to rise with demographic change (Crane & Warnes, 2010; Culhane, Metraux, Byrne, Stino, & Bainbridge, 2013). Yet current knowledge, policies, and practices on homelessness largely focus on younger populations. Likewise, research and policies on aging typically overlook homelessness. Responses to homelessness among older people must address complex needs related to health, income security, and housing. Based on a comprehensive literature review, this article outlines the existing and needed research with regards to homelessness among older people. We clarify the intersections of aging and homelessness; review the relevant statistics, including estimated prevalence; discuss pathways and variations in experience; and identify gaps in knowledge. We conclude with a call for an inclusive research agenda that will help build policies and practices to reduce and ultimately to eliminate homelessness among older people in Canada.


aging; exclusion sociale; housing; logement; older people; pauvreté; personnes (plus) âgées; poverty; risk; risque; social exclusion; vieillissement

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