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Clin Rheumatol. 2016 Jun;35(6):1585-92. doi: 10.1007/s10067-016-3177-1. Epub 2016 Jan 19.

Associations between dietary antioxidants intake and radiographic knee osteoarthritis.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedics, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, #87 Xiangya Road, Changsha, Hunan Province, China, 410008.
2
Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province, China, 410008.
3
Department of Orthopaedics, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, #87 Xiangya Road, Changsha, Hunan Province, China, 410008. epidemiologymeta@sina.com.

Abstract

The aim of the study is to examine the cross-sectional associations between dietary antioxidants (carotenoid, vitamin C, E, and selenium) intake and radiographic knee osteoarthritis (OA). A total of 4685 participants were included in this study. Dietary intake was assessed using a validated semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Radiographic knee OA was defined as Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grade 2 in at least one leg. A multivariable logistic analysis model was established to test the relationship between dietary antioxidants (carotenoid, vitamin C, E, and selenium) intake and radiographic knee OA with adjustment of a number of potential confounding factors. A significant positive association between dietary vitamin C intake (P value for trend was 0.04 in multivariable adjusted analysis) and radiographic knee OA was observed. The relative odds of radiographic knee OA were increased by 0.39 times in the third quintile (OR 1.39, 95 % CI 1.11-1.73), 0.42 times in the fourth quintile (OR 1.42, 95 % CI 1.13-1.79), and 0.33 times in the fifth quintile (OR 1.33, 95 % CI 1.03-1.71). However, radiographic knee OA was not significantly associated with dietary carotenoid, vitamin E, and selenium. Among dietary antioxidants, dietary vitamin C intake was positively correlated with the prevalence of radiographic knee OA, while no significant association was found between dietary intake of carotenoid, vitamin E, and selenium and the prevalence of radiographic knee OA.

KEYWORDS:

Carotenoid; Dietary antioxidants; Osteoarthritis; Selenium; Vitamin C; Vitamin E

PMID:
26781781
DOI:
10.1007/s10067-016-3177-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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