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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2016 Mar;100(6):2511-21. doi: 10.1007/s00253-015-7274-x. Epub 2016 Jan 18.

Natural colorants from filamentous fungi.

Author information

1
Department of Bioprocess and Biotechnology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rodovia Araraquara - Jaú Km 1, Araraquara, SP, 14801-902, Brazil.
2
Institute of Biotechnology, RWTH Aachen University, Worringerweg 3, 52074, Aachen, Germany.
3
Department of Technological and Environmental Processes, Sorocaba University - UNISO, Sorocaba, SP, Brazil.
4
Laboratory of Biomaterials and Nanotecnhology, University of Sorocaba (UNISO), Sorocaba, SP, Brazil.
5
Culture Collection DPUA/UFAM, Federal University of Amazonas, Manaus, AM, Brazil.
6
Department of Bioprocess and Biotechnology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista, Rodovia Araraquara - Jaú Km 1, Araraquara, SP, 14801-902, Brazil. valeriac@fcfar.unesp.br.

Abstract

In the last years, there is a trend towards the replacement of synthetic colorants by natural ones, mainly due to the increase of consumer demand for natural products. The natural colorants are used to enhance the appearance of pharmaceutical products, food, and different materials, making them preferable or attractive. This review intends to provide and describe a comprehensive overview of the history of colorants, from prehistory to modern time, of their market and their applications, as well as of the most important aspects of the fermentation process to obtain natural colorants. Focus is given to colorants produced by filamentous fungal species, aiming to demonstrate the importance of these microorganisms and biocompounds, highlighting the production performance to get high yields and the aspects of conclusion that should be taken into consideration in future studies about natural colorants.

KEYWORDS:

Biomolecules; Bioprocess; Filamentous fungi; Microorganisms; Natural colorants

PMID:
26780357
DOI:
10.1007/s00253-015-7274-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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