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Sleep Sci. 2015 Nov;8(3):115-20. doi: 10.1016/j.slsci.2015.08.004. Epub 2015 Sep 25.

Effects of an adapted mattress in musculoskeletal pain and sleep quality in institutionalized elders.

Author information

1
Hypnos Instituto del Sueño, Clínica San Felipe, Lima, Peru.
2
Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru; Instituto de Gerontología, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru.
3
Hypnos Instituto del Sueño, Clínica San Felipe, Lima, Peru; Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru.

Abstract

We aimed to evaluate the impact in sleep quality and musculoskeletal pain of a Medium-Firm Mattress (MFM), and their relationship with objective sleep parameters in a group of institutionalized elders. The sample size included forty older adults with musculoskeletal pain. We did a clinical assessment at baseline and weekly trough the study period of four weeks. We employed the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Pain Visual Analog Scale (P-VAS). Additionally a sub-group of good sleepers, selected from PSQI baseline evaluation, were studied with actigraphy and randomized to MFM or High Firm Mattress (HFM), in two consecutive nights. We found a significant reduction of cervical, dorsal and lumbar pain. PSQI results did not change. The actigraphy evaluation found a significant shorter sleep onset latency with MFM, and a slightly better, but not statistically significant, sleep efficiency. The medium firmness mattress improved musculoskeletal pain and modified the sleep latency.

KEYWORDS:

Actigraphy; Mattress; Older adult

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