Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Explore (NY). 2016 Mar-Apr;12(2):90-9. doi: 10.1016/j.explore.2015.12.005. Epub 2015 Dec 17.

Positive Effects of a Stress Reduction Program Based on Mindfulness Meditation in Brazilian Nursing Professionals: Qualitative and Quantitative Evaluation.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Universidade Federal de São Paulo-UNIFESP, Rua Borges, Lagoa, no. 570, Vila Clementino, CEP: 04038-020 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
2
Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Av. Albert Einstein, 627/701, CEP: 05601-901 São Paulo, SP, Brazil; Department of Psychobiology, Universidade Federal de São Paulo-UNIFESP, Rua, Napoleão de Barros, 925/701, CEP: 04024-002 São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: ehkozasa@gmail.com.
3
Escola Paulista de Enfermagem da Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Rua Napoleão de Barros, 754, CEP: 04023-002 São Paulo, SP, Brazil; Centro Integrado de Humanização da Santa Casa de Araraquara, Av. José Bonifácio, 794, Centro, CEP: 14801-150 Araraquara, SP, Brazil.
4
Escola Paulista de Enfermagem da Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Rua Napoleão de Barros, 754, CEP: 04023-002 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
5
Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Av. Albert Einstein, 627/701, CEP: 05601-901 São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Mindfulness meditation has been shown to effectively mitigate the negative effects of stress among nursing professionals, but in countries like Brazil, these practices are relatively unexplored.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the effects of a Stress Reduction Program (SRP) including mindfulness and loving kindness meditation among nursing professionals working in a Brazilian hospital setting.

DESIGN:

Pilot study with a mixed model using quantitative and qualitative methods was used to evaluate a group of participants. The quantitative data were analyzed at three different time points: pre-intervention, post-intervention, and follow-up. The qualitative data were analyzed at post-intervention.

SETTING:

Hospital São Paulo (Brazil).

PARTICIPANTS:

Sample 13 nursing professionals, including nurses, technicians, and nursing assistants working in a hospital.

INTERVENTION:

Participants underwent mindfulness and loving kindness meditation during a period of six weeks.

INSTRUMENTS:

Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), WHOQOL-BREF quality of life assessment, and Work Stress Scale (WSS). Qualitative data were collected via a group interview following six weeks participation in the SRP.

RESULTS:

The quantitative analyses revealed a significant reduction (P < .05) between pre-intervention and post-intervention scores for perceived stress, burnout, depression, and anxiety (trait). These variables showed no significant differences between post-intervention and follow-up scores. The WHOQOL-BREF revealed significant increase (P < .05) just in the physical and psychological domains at post-intervention scores, which remained at the follow-up. Qualitative results showed improvement in the reactivity to inner experience; a more attentive perception of internal and external experiences; greater attention and awareness of actions and attitudes at every moment; and a positive influence of the SRP in nursing activities.

KEYWORDS:

Mindfulness; meditation; nurse; quality of life; stress

PMID:
26778081
DOI:
10.1016/j.explore.2015.12.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center