Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Vet Cardiol. 2015 Dec;17 Suppl 1:S215-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jvc.2014.09.004.

Congenital heart defects in cats: A retrospective study of 162 cats (1996-2013).

Author information

1
Albano Animal Hospital, Rinkebyvägen 21, 182 36 Danderyd, Sweden; Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: anna.tidholm@gmail.com.
2
Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
3
Department of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the prevalence and distribution of congenital heart defects in cats presented at two referral centers in Sweden between 1996 and 2013.

ANIMALS:

162 client-owned cats with congenital heart defects.

METHODS:

Case records of cats diagnosed with congenital heart disease were reviewed retrospectively.

RESULTS:

The overall prevalence of congenital heart disease was 0.2% of the total number of patient cats, and 8% of cats diagnosed with heart disease. A total of 182 heart defects were identified as 16 cats were diagnosed with more than one defect. Ventricular septal defect (VSD) was most prevalent, found in 50% of cats, followed by tricuspid valve dysplasia (11%), pulmonic stenosis (10%), atrial septal defect (10%), aortic stenosis (9%), mitral valve dysplasia (9%), tetralogy of Fallot (5%), patent ductus arteriosus (3%), common atrioventricular canal (2%), and the following defects that each accounted for 0.6% of cats: double chamber right ventricle, double outlet right ventricle, endocardial fibroelastosis, dextroposition of the aorta, persistent right aortic arch, and pulmonary atresia.

CONCLUSION:

The prevalence of congenital heart disease was 0.2% of the total number of patient cats, and 8% of cats diagnosed with heart disease. Ventricular septal defect was the most common congenital heart defect in this study.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiac; Feline; Malformation

PMID:
26776580
DOI:
10.1016/j.jvc.2014.09.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center