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Matrix. 1989 Aug;9(4):301-10.

Bovine pericardial proteoglycan: biochemical, immunochemical and ultrastructural studies.

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Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia 19104.


The major proteoglycan in bovine parietal pericardium is a low molecular weight dermatan-sulfate proteoglycan. It possesses structural and immunologic characteristics similar to those of the small proteoglycan found in tendon. We demonstrate that digestion of purified pericardial proteoglycan with low levels of V8 protease results in the liberation of the glycosaminoglycan chain and of a 40 kDa resistant fragment. A similar 40 kDa fragment can be obtained by V8 protease digestion of the proteoglycan deglycosylated by chondroitinase ABC. Although the protein core size of the pericardial proteoglycan is similar to that of tendon PG II, the size of the glycosaminoglycan chain liberated from the former is smaller. The pericardial proteoglycan and its V8 protease products reacted with an anti-PG II antiserum by immunoblotting. The anti-PG-II antibody localized in the pericardial tissue by the immunoperoxidase technique. The presence of intrachain disulfide bonds in the structure of pericardial proteoglycan core protein and V8 resistant fragment was demonstrated by their decreased electrophoretic mobility after disulfide reduction. Digestion of pericardial proteoglycan with Cathepsin C resulted in a rapid liberation of the glycosaminoglycan chain from the core protein, indicating that its attachment site was very close to the amino terminus. Ultrastructural examination of pericardial tissue utilizing Cuprolinic Blue revealed a periodic association of the proteoglycan with the d/e band on the collagen fibrils. Electron microscopic immunohistochemical studies confirmed the perifibrillar association of pericardial proteoglycan. The present data demonstrate that, although the pericardial proteoglycan possesses some unique structural features, it shares structural and immunological characteristics to place it in the category of the small PG II family.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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