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Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2017 Jan 15;109:131-153. doi: 10.1016/j.addr.2016.01.006. Epub 2016 Jan 14.

Decision support systems for personalized and participative radiation oncology.

Author information

1
Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO), GROW, School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, Maastricht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: philippe.lambin@maastro.nl.
2
Department of Radiation Oncology (MAASTRO), GROW, School for Oncology and Developmental Biology, Maastricht University Medical Centre+, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

A paradigm shift from current population based medicine to personalized and participative medicine is underway. This transition is being supported by the development of clinical decision support systems based on prediction models of treatment outcome. In radiation oncology, these models 'learn' using advanced and innovative information technologies (ideally in a distributed fashion - please watch the animation: http://youtu.be/ZDJFOxpwqEA) from all available/appropriate medical data (clinical, treatment, imaging, biological/genetic, etc.) to achieve the highest possible accuracy with respect to prediction of tumor response and normal tissue toxicity. In this position paper, we deliver an overview of the factors that are associated with outcome in radiation oncology and discuss the methodology behind the development of accurate prediction models, which is a multi-faceted process. Subsequent to initial development/validation and clinical introduction, decision support systems should be constantly re-evaluated (through quality assurance procedures) in different patient datasets in order to refine and re-optimize the models, ensuring the continuous utility of the models. In the reasonably near future, decision support systems will be fully integrated within the clinic, with data and knowledge being shared in a standardized, dynamic, and potentially global manner enabling truly personalized and participative medicine.

KEYWORDS:

Decision support systems; Prediction models; Radiotherapy; Shared decision making

PMID:
26774327
DOI:
10.1016/j.addr.2016.01.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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