Send to

Choose Destination
J Urol. 1989 Oct;142(4):1122-6.

Stimulation of epithelial hyperplasia in rat urinary bladder by Escherichia coli cystitis.

Author information

Department of Pathology, Northwestern University Medical School, Chicago, Illinois 60611.


Using heterotopically transplanted rat urinary bladder, experiments were conducted to develop a reproducible animal model of bacterial cystitis-associated urothelial hyperplasia without calculus formation, and to elucidate which bacterial component(s) might induce urothelial hyperplasia. Bladder instillation of live Escherichia coli (E. coli) resulted in persistent infection and inflammation and also diffuse urothelial hyperplasia. Instillation of killed E. coli also induced diffuse hyperplasia. Hyperplastic changes regressed following withdrawal of the killed E. coli treatment. Urothelial hyperplasia was also induced by repeated instillation of protein-rich lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the endotoxin derived from gram-negative bacterial wall component, but not by protein-free LPS. A finding common to bladders showing hyperplasia was the infiltration of neutrophils into intercellular spaces of the urothelium. We conclude that urothelial hyperplasia is induced by E. coli cystitis, that LPS plays a significant role in the hyperplastic response, and that neutrophils may mediate the response.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center