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N Biotechnol. 2016 Sep 25;33(5 Pt B):692-705. doi: 10.1016/j.nbt.2015.12.005. Epub 2016 Jan 7.

Transgenic barley overexpressing a cytokinin dehydrogenase gene shows greater tolerance to drought stress.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Biology, Centre of the Region Haná for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research, Faculty of Science, Palacký University in Olomouc, Šlechtitelů 27, 783 71 Olomouc, Czech Republic.
2
Department of Molecular Biology, Centre of the Region Haná for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research, Faculty of Science, Palacký University in Olomouc, Šlechtitelů 27, 783 71 Olomouc, Czech Republic; Institute of Molecular and Translational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University Olomouc, Hněvotínská 1333/5, 779 00 Olomouc, Czech Republic.
3
Department of Crop Science, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 1, 613 00 Brno, Czech Republic.
4
Department of Metabolomics, Centre of the Region Haná for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research, Institute of Experimental Botany AS CR, Šlechtitelů 27, 783 71 Olomouc, Czech Republic.
5
Department of Molecular Biology, Centre of the Region Haná for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research, Faculty of Science, Palacký University in Olomouc, Šlechtitelů 27, 783 71 Olomouc, Czech Republic. Electronic address: petr.galuszka@upol.cz.

Abstract

Together with auxins, cytokinins are the main plant hormones involved in many different physiological processes. Given this knowledge, cytokinin levels can be manipulated by genetic modification in order to improve agronomic parameters of cereals in relation to, for example, morphology, yield, and tolerance to various stresses. The barley (Hordeum vulgare) cultivar Golden Promise was transformed using the cytokinin dehydrogenase 1 gene from Arabidopsis thaliana (AtCKX1) under the control of mild root-specific β-glucosidase promoter from maize. Increased cytokinin degradation activity was observed positively to affect the number and length of lateral roots. The impact on morphology depended upon the recombinant protein's subcellular compartmentation. While assumed cytosolic and vacuolar targeting of AtCKX1 had negligible effect on shoot growth, secretion of AtCKX1 protein to the apoplast had a negative effect on development of the aerial part and yield. Upon the application of severe drought stress, all transgenic genotypes maintained higher water content and showed better growth and yield parameters during revitalization. Higher tolerance to drought stress was most caused by altered root morphology resulting in better dehydration avoidance.

PMID:
26773738
DOI:
10.1016/j.nbt.2015.12.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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