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J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2016 Mar 20;121:13-21. doi: 10.1016/j.jpba.2015.12.057. Epub 2016 Jan 3.

Establishment and comparison of three novel methods for the determination of the photodynamic therapy agent 2-[1-hexyloxyethyl]-2-devinyl pyropheophorbide-a (HPPH) in human serum.

Author information

1
Center of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, China.
2
Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, China.
3
Center of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, China. Electronic address: yjcpu@yahoo.com.

Abstract

2-[1-Hexyloxyethyl]-2-devinyl pyropheophorbide-a (HPPH) is a second-generation photosensitizer that has been applied in clinical studies of photodynamic therapy for a variety of malignant lesions. Based on the differences in selectivity and labour intensity, three novel methods - fluorescence detection coupled with high performance liquid chromatography (LC-FLD), LC-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and fluorescence-based microplate reader methods - were developed for the determination of HPPH in human serum, which allowed comparison of fluorescence and MS platform for HPPH quantification. All three methods have been validated and successfully applied to support the clinical pharmacokinetic study of HPPH. The concentrations measured by LC-FLD matched those by LC-MS/MS with a correlation coefficient (r=0.994) and coefficient of determination (r(2)=0.989). Data consistency was also found between the measurements of microplate reader and LC-MS/MS with a correlation coefficient (r=0.999) and coefficient of determination (r(2)=0.998), indicating that fluorescence assay, the low cost alternative with a relatively poorer selectivity, is clearly suitable for the quantification of HPPH. Calibration curves in the methods of LC-FLD and microplate reader were linear (r˃0.998) over the concentration range from 50 to 5000 ng/mL, and linearity was obtained over the concentration range from 5 to 1000 ng/mL in the LC-MS/MS method. Compared with the other two methods, the fluorescence-based microplate reader method with proven high selectivity should be strongly recommended because of obvious advantages such as the lowest labour intensity, the lowest instrument cost, a better sensitivity than LC-FLD and the very rapid determination of large number of samples (24 samples/40 s).

KEYWORDS:

HPPH; Human serum; LC–FLD; LC–MS/MS; Microplate reader; Pharmacokinetics

PMID:
26773535
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpba.2015.12.057
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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