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J Appl Res Intellect Disabil. 2017 Mar;30(2):283-289. doi: 10.1111/jar.12238. Epub 2016 Jan 14.

The Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders in West Pomeranian and Pomeranian Regions of Poland.

Author information

1
Department of Gerontobiology, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland.
3
Public Health Department, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) varies worldwide from 1.4/10 000 children in the Arabian Peninsula to 185/10 000 children of Asian population. In Europe, the highest prevalence has been observed in Sweden, while the lowest in Croatia (115/10 000 and 2-3/10 000, respectively). There have been no epidemiological studies on the prevalence of ASD in Polish population. The aim of our study was to assess the prevalence of ASD in children aged 0-16 years, inhabitants of West Pomeranian and Pomeranian regions.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

In total, 2514 children (2038 males, 81.1%) were included. The estimates were based on the government registries, whereas data were obtained from Provincial Disability Services Commissions.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of ASD in children aged 0-16 years varies between two regions of Poland - 32/10 000 in West Pomeranian and 38/10 000 in Pomeranian region.

CONCLUSIONS:

The average prevalence of ASD was 35/10 000 children and was about 4-fold higher in males (P < 0.05). More studies are necessary.

KEYWORDS:

autism spectrum disorders; epidemiology; prevalence; regions of Poland

PMID:
26771078
DOI:
10.1111/jar.12238

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