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Metab Brain Dis. 2016 Jun;31(3):601-11. doi: 10.1007/s11011-016-9791-4. Epub 2016 Jan 14.

Urtica dioica modulates hippocampal insulin signaling and recognition memory deficit in streptozotocin induced diabetic mice.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacy, Jaypee University of Information Technology, Waknaghat, Himachal Pradesh, 173234, India.
2
Department of Pharmacy, Jaypee University of Information Technology, Waknaghat, Himachal Pradesh, 173234, India. m_udayabanu@rediffmail.com.

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus has been associated with functional abnormalities in the hippocampus and performance of cognitive function. Urtica dioica (UD) has been used in the treatment of diabetes. In our previous report we observed that UD extract attenuate diabetes mediated associative and spatial memory dysfunction. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of UD extract on mouse model of diabetes-induced recognition memory deficit and explore the possible mechanism behind it. Streptozotocin (STZ) (50 mg/kg, i.p. consecutively for 5 days) was used to induce diabetes followed by UD extract (50 mg/kg, oral) or rosiglitazone (ROSI) (5 mg/kg, oral) administration for 8 weeks. STZ induced diabetic mice showed significant decrease in hippocampal insulin signaling and translocation of glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT4) to neuronal membrane resulting in cognitive dysfunction and hypolocomotion. UD treatment effectively improved hippocampal insulin signaling, glucose tolerance and recognition memory performance in diabetic mice, which was comparable to ROSI. Further, diabetes mediated oxidative stress and inflammation was reversed by chronic UD or ROSI administration. UD leaves extract acts via insulin signaling pathway and might prove to be effective for the diabetes mediated central nervous system complications.

KEYWORDS:

Cognition; Diabetes; GLUT4; Insulin receptor; Novel object recognition; Urtica dioica

PMID:
26767366
DOI:
10.1007/s11011-016-9791-4
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